Ingilazi epholile
Ingilazi eqinile noma eqinile iwuhlobo lwengilazi yokuphepha ecutshungulwa ngokuphathwa okushisayo noma ngamakhemikhali ukuze kwandiswe amandla ayo uma kuqhathaniswa nengilazi evamile.I-Tempering ibeka izindawo ezingaphandle ekucindezelekeni futhi ingaphakathi libe ukushuba.Izingcindezi ezinjalo zenza ingilazi, lapho iphukile, idilike ibe yizicucu ezincane ze-granular esikhundleni sokuqhekeka zibe izingcezu ezimangelengele njengoba kwenza ingilazi yepuleti (ingilazi eyaziwa ngokuthi i-annealed).Izingcezu eziyimbudumbudu mancane amathuba okuba zidale ukulimala.
Ngenxa yokuphepha namandla ayo, ingilazi ethambile isetshenziswa ezinhlotsheni ezahlukene zokusebenza ezidinga kakhulu, okuhlanganisa amafasitela ezimoto zabagibeli, iminyango yeshawa, iminyango yengilazi yezakhiwo namatafula, amathreyi esiqandisi, abavikeli besikrini sefoni ephathekayo, njengengxenye yengilazi engangenwa izinhlamvu zesibhamu, imaski yokuntywila, nezinhlobo ezahlukene zamapuleti nezinto zokupheka.
Izakhiwo
Ingilazi eshisayo inamandla aphindwe kane kunengilazi ehlanganisiwe (“evamile”).Ukufinyela okukhulu kongqimba lwangaphakathi ngesikhathi sokukhiqiza kubangela izingcindezi ezicindezelayo ebusweni bengilazi okulingana nezingcindezi eziqinile emzimbeni wengilazi.Ingilazi eqinile engu-6-mm enogqinsi kufanele ibe nokucindezelwa kwendawo okuncane okungu-69 MPa (10 000 psi) noma ukuminyaniswa komphetho okungengaphansi kuka-67 MPa (9 700 psi).Ukuze kubhekwe njengengilazi yokuphepha, ingcindezi yokucindezela kwendawo kufanele idlule ama-megapascal ayi-100 (15,000 psi).Njengomphumela wokwanda kwengcindezi ebusweni, uma ingilazi ike yephuka ihlephuka ibe yizicucu ezincane eziyindilinga ngokuphambene namashadi acijile acijile.Lesi sici senza ingilazi efudumele iphephe ekufakweni kwengcindezi ephezulu nokuvikela ukuqhuma.
Yilokhu kucindezeleka kwendawo okucindezelayo okunikeza ingilazi epholile amandla anda.Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi ingilazi eshubile, cishe engenakho ukucindezelwa kwangaphakathi, imvamisa yenza imifantu emincane engaphezulu, futhi lapho kungabikho ukucindezelwa kwendawo, noma yikuphi ukungezwani okufakwe engilazini kubangela ukungezwani phezulu, okungaqhuba ukusakazeka kokuqhekeka.Uma uqhekeko seluqala ukwanda, ukungezwani kuphinde kugxilwe esihlokweni sokuqhekeka, okubangela ukuba kusakazeke ngesivinini somsindo endabeni.Ngenxa yalokho, ingilazi efakwe emanzini ibuthakathaka futhi iphuka ibe yizicucu ezingajwayelekile nezibukhali.Ngakolunye uhlangothi, izingcindezi ezicindezelayo engilazini epholile ziqukethe isici futhi zivimbela ukwanda noma ukwanda kwayo.
Noma yikuphi ukusika noma ukugaya kufanele kwenziwe ngaphambi kokushisa.Ukusika, ukugaya, kanye nemithelela ebukhali ngemva kokushisa kuzobangela ukuba ingilazi iphuke.
Iphethini yokucindezeleka ebangelwa ukushisa ingabonwa ngokubuka nge-optical polarizer, njengezibuko zelanga ezihlukanisayo.
Isebenzisa
Ingilazi eqinile isetshenziswa lapho amandla, ukumelana nokushisa, nokuphepha kuyizinto ezibalulekile.Izimoto ezithwala abantu, isibonelo, zinazo zontathu izimfuneko.Njengoba zigcinwe ngaphandle, zingaphansi kokushisisa nokupholisa njalo kanye noshintsho olumangalisayo lokushisa unyaka wonke.Ngaphezu kwalokho, kumele bamelane nemithelela emincane yemfucumfucu yomgwaqo njengamatshe kanjalo nezingozi zomgwaqo.Ngenxa yokuthi izingcezu ezinkulu zengilazi ezibukhali zingaletha ingozi eyengeziwe nengamukeleki kubagibeli, ingilazi epholile isetshenziswa ukuze kuthi uma iphukile, izingcezu zibe buthuntu futhi azinangozi.I-windscreen noma iwindshield yenziwe ngengilazi elayiniwe, engeke iphahlazeke ibe yizicucu lapho iphukile kuyilapho amawindi aseceleni kanye nengemuva elingemuva ngokuvamile kuyingilazi epholile.
Ezinye izinhlelo zokusebenza ezijwayelekile zengilazi epholile zihlanganisa:

  • Iminyango ye-balcony
  • Izikhungo zokugijima
  • Amadamu okubhukuda
  • Ama-facade
  • Iminyango yeshawa nezindawo zokugezela
  • Izindawo zemibukiso nemibukiso
  • Imibhoshongo yekhompyutha noma amakesi

Izakhiwo nezakhiwo
Ingilazi ebabazekayo iphinde isetshenziswe ezakhiweni zemihlangano engenalo uzimele (njengeminyango yengilazi engenafreyimu), izinhlelo zokusebenza ezilayishwe ngokuhlelekile, kanye nanoma yiziphi ezinye izinhlelo zokusebenza ezingaba yingozi uma kwenzeka kuba nomthelela womuntu.Amakhodi okwakha e-United States adinga ingilazi efudumele noma enamalembu ezimweni ezimbalwa ezihlanganisa ukukhanya kwesibhakabhaka, eduze kweminyango nezitezi, amafasitela amakhulu, amafasitela anwebeka eduze neleveli yaphansi, iminyango eslayidayo, amakheshi, amaphaneli okufinyelela ezicishamlilo, kanye naseduze namachibi okubhukuda.
Ukusetshenziswa kwasekhaya
Ingilazi eshisayo isetshenziswa nasendlini.Enye ifenisha yasendlini evamile kanye nezinto zikagesi ezisebenzisa ingilazi eqinile ziyizicabha zeshawa ezingenasici, iziqongo zetafula lezingilazi, amashalofu ezingilazi, ingilazi yekhabethe kanye nengilazi yeziko.
Inkonzo yokudla
Igama elithi “Rim-tempered” libonisa ukuthi indawo elinganiselwe, njengomphetho wengilazi noma ipuleti, ipholile futhi idumile emsebenzini wokudla.Kodwa-ke, kukhona nabakhiqizi abangochwepheshe abahlinzeka ngesixazululo se-drinkware esiphunduke ngokuphelele/esiqinile esingaletha izinzuzo ezengeziwe ngendlela yamandla kanye nokumelana nokushaqeka okushisayo.Kwamanye amazwe le mikhiqizo icaciswa ezindaweni ezidinga amazinga okusebenza anyusiwe noma enesidingo sengilazi ephephile ngenxa yokusetshenziswa kakhulu.
Ingilazi ebabazekayo iphinde yabona ukusetshenziswa okwandisiwe kumabha namashibhi, ikakhulukazi e-United Kingdom nase-Australia, ukuvimbela ukusetshenziswa kwengilazi ephukile njengesikhali.Imikhiqizo yengilazi eqinile ingatholakala emahhotela, ezindaweni zokucima ukoma, nezindawo zokudlela ukuze kuncishiswe ukuphuka nokwandisa amazinga okuphepha.
Ukupheka nokubhaka
Ezinye izinhlobo zezingilazi ezifudumele zisetshenziselwa ukupheka nokubhaka.Abakhiqizi nemikhiqizo ihlanganisa i-Glasslock, i-Pyrex, i-Corelle, ne-Arc International.Lona futhi uhlobo ingilazi esetshenziswa kuhhavini iminyango.
Ukukhiqiza
Ingilazi eshisayo ingenziwa ngengilazi ene-annealed ngokusebenzisa inqubo yokushisa okushisayo.Ingilazi ibekwe phezu kwetafula le-roller, iyihambise esithandweni esishisisa kahle ngaphezu kwezinga lokushisa lokushintsha elingu-564 °C (1,047 °F) ukuya cishe ku-620 °C (1,148 °F).Ingilazi ibe isipholiswa ngokushesha ngemidwebo yomoya ephoqelelwe kuyilapho ingxenye engaphakathi ihlala ikhululekile ukugeleza isikhathi esifushane.
Enye inqubo yokuqinisa amakhemikhali ihlanganisa ukuphoqelela ungqimba olungaphezulu lwengilazi okungenani oluwugqinsi olungu-0.1 mm ukuze lucindezelwe ngokushintshaniswa kwe-ion ye-sodium ion endaweni yengilazi nama-ion e-potassium (okukhudlwana ngo-30%) ngokucwiliswa kwengilazi okugeza amanzi. i-potassium nitrate encibilikisiwe.Ukuqina kwamakhemikhali kubangela ukuqina okwandayo uma kuqhathaniswa nokushisa okushisayo futhi kungasetshenziswa ezintweni zengilazi ezinomumo oyinkimbinkimbi.
Ukubi
Ingilazi ebabazekayo kufanele isikwe ngosayizi noma icindezelwe ukuze imise ngaphambi kokushisa, futhi ayikwazi ukusetshenzwa kabusha uma isibambile.Ukupholisha imiphetho noma izimbobo zokubhoboza engilazini kwenziwa ngaphambi kokuba inqubo yokushisa iqale.Ngenxa yengcindezi elinganiselayo engilazini, ukulimala kunoma iyiphi ingxenye ekugcineni kuzophumela ekuqhekekeni kwengilazi ibe yizicucu ezilingana nesithonjana.Ingilazi isengozini enkulu yokuphuka ngenxa yokulimala onqenqemeni lwengilazi, lapho ingcindezi yokuqina inkulu kakhulu, kodwa ukuphahlazeka kungenzeka futhi uma kuba nomthelela oqinile phakathi kwefasitelana lengilazi noma uma umthelela ugxilile. (isibonelo, ukushaya ingilazi ngephuzu eliqinile).
Ukusebenzisa ingilazi epholile kungase kube yingozi yokuphepha kwezinye izimo ngenxa yokuthambekela kwengilazi ukuphahlazeka ngokuphelele lapho kunomthelela oqinile kunokushiya ama-shards kufreyimu yewindi.
Ingaphezulu lengilazi epholile libonisa amagagasi angaphezulu abangelwa ukuthintana namarola aphansi, uma yakhelwe kusetshenziswa le nqubo.Lokhu kuphaphatheka kuyinkinga enkulu ekukhiqizeni amaseli elanga efilimu emincane.Inqubo yengilazi entantayo ingasetshenziselwa ukuhlinzeka ngamashidi ahlanekezela kancane anezindawo eziyisicaba kakhulu nezihambisanayo njengenye indlela yezinhlelo zokusebenza ezicwebezelayo ezihlukene.
Ukukhubazeka kwe-nickel sulfide kungabangela ukuphuka okuzenzakalelayo kwengilazi epholile ngemva kweminyaka yokwenziwa kwayo.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Jul-20-2020